When you split texts, you typically lose the splitting character. That’s why the backslash in this example is lost:
PS> 'c:\test\file.txt' -split '\\'
IMPORTANT: Note that the -split operator expects a regular expression. If you want to split at backslashes, since a backslash is a special character in regex, you need to escape it. The following call tells you what you need to escape: submit the literal text you want to use. The result is the escaped regex text:
If you want to split without losing anything, you can use so-called look-aheads and look-behinds. This splits *after* a backslash (without removing it):
PS> 'c:\test\file.txt' -split '(?<=\\)'
And this splits *before* each backslash:
PS> 'c:\test\file.txt' -split '(?=\\)'
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