In the previous tip we explained how you can use web services to safely test passwords and find out whether they have been compromised before.

Infosec code sometimes looks pretty “funny” in an effort to be short, so in part 1 we shared nice and readable code with you. Here is the “infosec” variant which shows how much PowerShell code can be compressed and auto-obfuscated. It returns how often a particular password was seen in breaches (and returns null if it hasn’t been seen before).

$p = 'P@ssw0rd'
[Net.ServicePointManager]::SecurityProtocol = 'Tls12'
$a,$b = (Get-FileHash -A 'SHA1' -I ([IO.MemoryStream]::new([Text.Encoding]::UTF8.GetBytes($p)))).Hash -split '(?<=^.{5})'
(((irm "https://api.pwnedpasswords.com/range/$a" -UseB) -split '\r\n' -like "$b*") -split ':')[-1

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